Types of hair loss in men
Hair loss also called as Alopecia is caused by many factors such as :
- Hormones (Androgenic Alopecia)
- Auto immune conditions (Alopecia Areata)
- Anti cancer drugs (chemotherapy)
- Uncontrolled blood sugar level
- Iron deficiency (Anemia)
- Medication and Hair loss (Telogen effluvium) Traction Alopecia
1. Hormone related Hair loss/ Androgen related Hair loss
Androgen is a male hormone which is mainly secreted by the testicles. Testosterone will reach the hair follicle through the blood. The receptors which are presented the hair follicle are called Androgenic receptors. At the receptors an enzyme called 5 Alpha reductase turns testosterone into Dihydro testosterone (DHT) this DHT is mainly responsible for hair loss in men.
2. Auto Immune conditions (alopecia Areata)
Alopecia Areata is a Hair loss condition that is caused by Auto immune disorders. Alopecia Areata appears as 1 or 2 bald patches on the scalp measuring b/w 1 to 10 cms. In persons affected by Alopecia Areata Hair loss is sudden and most of the time the Hair loss/ bald patches are identified by his or her colleagues rather than a person affected by Alopecia Areata.
3. Anti cancer drugs (chemotherapy)
Many patients who undergo chemotherapy treatment to cure cancer experience drastic hair loss. Though not all the Anti cancer drugs causes hair loss but most of them affects Hair loss. When patient is taking Anti cancer drugs these drugs not only act on cancer cells but also on healthy cells thus causing damage to the stem cells that are presented at the hair follicle.
4. Uncontrolled blood sugar level (Diabetes)
Uncontrolled/ unbalanced blood sugar level effects the blood circulation by thickening the blood vessels and blocking the micropores thus resulting in decrease blood supply and nutrients to the hair follicle resulting in hair loss in men.
Stress is a very important factor that should never be over libbed when you are suffering with hairdos. Stress along with genes and hormones contribute to majority of hair loss in men. When a patient is under excess stress there is over production of hormones such as Adrenaline, Cortisol & Testosterone.
6. Iron Deficiency (Anemia)
Iron is a very important component of blood (RBC) which helps in carrying oxygen and other nutrients to the tissues. Reduce iron leads to decrease oxygen and nutrients to the Hair cells thus affecting hair loss in men.
Whether smoking directly causes hair loss? There are many people who suffer with hair loss ask us whether smoking causes any hair loss. Some people say they are non smokers but still lose a hair while others feel they are smokers but still have a healthy hair. It could be said like this, smoking decreases blood circulation and blocks scalp pores which may affect hair loss in Men.
Though the role of alcohol is not that significant in hair loss but it could contribute to hair loss in men as alcohol reduces iron level in the body which could lead to hair loss.
Over production or under production of thyroid hormone disturbs the normal hair cycle which could lead to a major hair loss in men. The main function of Thyroid Hormone in relation to the hair is it monitors hair cycle.
10. Medication and Hair loss (Telogen effluvium)
Telogen effluvium is a hair loss condition which is caused by usage of certain medications such as anti depressants, anti Histamines, anti convulsants, Anti hypertensive, Steroids and Anti thyrios drugs etc. in people affect the Telogen effluvium most of the hair is in telogen phase (resting phase) and the life of the hair is shorten which means most of the people will experience the hair loss within 2 to 3 months of consumption of these drugs.